After remote controlled tethered rig tests from 1947 to 1950 and a flying rig in 1951, Ryan was awarded an Air Force contract in 1953 to develop an actual flying jet-powered VTOL aircraft, which was given the designation X-13. It was only 24 ft long - just large enough to accommodate a cockpit (again with a tilted seat) and the 10,000 lb thrust Rolls-Royce Avon turbojet. Its high mounted delta wing had a wingspan of only 21 ft, capped with flat endplates. At the tip of the nose was a short pole ending in a hook. The hook was used to capture a wire on a vertical trailer bed. Once captured, the trailer was lowered to horizontal and could be transported on the ground. Engine thrust was vectored to provide pitch and yaw control in hover, while roll was provided by puffer jets outboard of the endplates.

The first prototype was fitted with a temporary landing gear and made its first horizontal flight on 10 December 1955. It later made full conversions to vertical attitude and back at altitude. The landing gear was then replaced by a rear mounted castoring framework, known as the "roller-skate" and hooking practice was conducted. The second prototype followed a similar progression; on 11 April 1957, it made a vertical take-off from the raised trailer, transitioned to horizontal flight and back, ending with hooking on the wire "trapeze." On 28-29 July of that year, the X-13 was demonstrated in Washington, hovering across the river to the Pentagon. The Air Force chose not to continue development of the Vertijet because of the lack of an operational requirement.

Source: AHS V/STOL Wheel

Overview

Data on design, manufacture and status

Design authority: Ryan Aeronautical

Primary manufacturer: Ryan Aeronautical

Parent type: No type defined

Aircraft status: No longer flying

Configuration

Primary flight and mechanical characteristics

VTOL type: Jet lift VTOL

Compound type: N/A

Lift configuration: Tail sitter

Dedicated propulsion devices: 1

Crew required: 1

Crew seating: Single seater

Landing gear: Other

Layout and Dimensions

Data on aircraft size

Overall Dimensions
Overall Height: 4.62 m 15.2 ft
Overall Length:  
Overall Width:  
Airframe Dimensions
Airframe Length:  
Airframe Width:  
Airframe Height:  
Landing Gear Dimensions
Landing Gear Base:  
Landing Gear Track:  
Cabin Dimensions
Cabin Internal Height:  
Cabin Internal Length:  
Cabin Internal Width:  

Weights and Performance

Data on aircraft weight and flight characteristics

0

Weights
Max Gross Weight (ground): 3,272 kg 7,214 lb
Max Gross Weight (airborne):  
Max Take-off Weight: 3,317 kg 7,313 lb
Empty Weight: 2,420 kg 5,334 lb
Useful Load: 898 kg 1,979 lb
Empty Weight Fraction: 0.729
Climb Performance
Max Rate of Climb:  
Hover Performance
Hover Ceiling IGE:  
Hover Ceiling OGE:  
Limitations
Max Level Flight Speed: 560 km/h 302 kts
Never Exceed Speed:  
Service Ceiling: 6,100 m 20,013 ft
Range and Endurance
Max Range: 307 km 166 nm
Max Endurance:  

Engine Details

Aircraft powerplant (lift and/or propulsion)

Provided powerplant data is for uninstalled, sea level, static operations.

Powerplant
Number of engines: 1
Designation: RR RA.28-49 turbine
Manufacturer: Rolls-Royce
Normal Ratings
Max continuous:  
Take-off / rated:  
Intermediate:  
Maximum:  
OEI Ratings
OEI contingency:  
OEI continuous:  
OEI 30-second:  
OEI intermediate:  

Primary Lift Device

Data on primary lift devices such as main rotors

Main Rotor Characteristics
Diameter:  
RPM:  
Direction of Rotation: Unknown
Hub Type:  
Main Rotor Blade Characteristics
Blade Construction:  
Blade Chord:  
Blade Tip Geometry:  
Blade Twist:  
Number of Blades:  
Main Rotor Derived Characteristics
Disc Area:  
Disc Loading:  
Solidity:  
Main Rotor Blade Derived Characteristics
Blade area per blade:  
Tip Speed:  

Primary Control Device

Data on primary control devices such as tail rotors

Tail Rotor Characteristics
Diameter:  
Configuration: Unknown
Direction of Rotation: Unknown
RPM:  
Tail Rotor Blade Characteristics
Number of Blades:  
Blade Construction: N/A
Blade Chord:  
Blade Twist:  
Tail Rotor Derived Characteristics
Disc Area:  
Solidity:  
Tail Rotor Blade Derived Characteristics
Tip Speed:  
Blade Area (per blade):  

Related VFS Resources

Resources related to the X-13 Vertijet, provided by the Vertical Flight Society.
Forum Proceedings
 
Vertiflite articles
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Web files from vtol.org
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Webpages from vtol.org
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Related Public Resources

Resources related to the X-13 Vertijet, provided by public sources across the internet.

Images