The Z-9W, the attack-helicopter version of the Harbin Z-9 Haitun, was the first Chinese helicopter able to destroy armored targets, armed with two Norinco HJ-8 or HJ-8E tube-launched and wire-guided anti-tank guided missles.   Its launch range was 0.6-3 km and was effective in penetrating armor plating up to 600 mm thick.

The first prototype first flew in 1987.  After entering service, additional armament options included:  18-tube pods with 57 mm FFARs; nine-tube pods with 90 mm FFARs; two 12.7 mm machine-guns or 23 mm cannons; up to four TY-90 short-range IR-homing AAMs with a range of 6 km.  Armed with the TY-90 AAMs, the Z-9W was capable of attacking other helicopters.

Maximum internal and external payloads are 2,038 kg and 1,600 kg, respectively.  The machine is equipped with the same WZ8A engines as the Z-9.


Data on design, manufacture and status

Design authority: Société Nationale Industrielle Aérospatiale

Primary manufacturer: Harbin Aircraft Manufacturing Corporation

Parent type: Aérospatiale Z-9

Aircraft status: Status unknown


Primary flight and mechanical characteristics

VTOL type: Helicopter

Lift configuration: Single main rotor

Dedicated control device: Fenestron/Shrouded tail rotor

Crew required: 2

Crew seating: Side-by-side

Landing gear: Wheels (all retractable)

Layout and Dimensions

Data on aircraft size

Overall Dimensions
Overall Height: 4.01 m 13.2 ft
Overall Length: 13.46 m 44.2 ft
Overall Width: 11.93 m 39.1 ft
Airframe Dimensions
Airframe Length: 11.44 m 37.5 ft
Airframe Width:  
Airframe Height:  
Landing Gear Dimensions
Landing Gear Base:  
Landing Gear Track:  
Cabin Dimensions
Cabin Internal Height:  
Cabin Internal Length:  
Cabin Internal Width:  

Weights and Performance

Data on aircraft weight and flight characteristics

Cruising Speed: 280 km/h; Max Speed: 315 km/h

Max Gross Weight (ground): 4,100 kg 9,039 lb
Max Gross Weight (airborne):  
Max Take-off Weight: 4,100 kg 9,039 lb
Empty Weight: 2,050 kg 4,519 lb
Useful Load: 2,050 kg 4,519 lb
Empty Weight Fraction: 0.500
Climb Performance
Max Rate of Climb:  
Hover Performance
Hover Ceiling IGE: 2,600 m 8,530 ft
Hover Ceiling OGE: 1,600 m 5,249 ft
Max Level Flight Speed:  
Never Exceed Speed:  
Service Ceiling: 4,220 m 13,845 ft
Range and Endurance
Max Range: 664 km 359 nm
Max Endurance:  

Engine Details

Aircraft powerplant (lift and/or propulsion)

Provided powerplant data is for uninstalled, sea level, static operations.

Number of engines: 2
Designation: SAEC WZ8A turbine
Manufacturer: South Aero-engine Co.
Normal Ratings
Max continuous:  
Take-off / rated:  
OEI Ratings
OEI contingency:  
OEI continuous:  
OEI 30-second:  
OEI intermediate:  

Primary Lift Device

Data on primary lift devices such as main rotors

Main Rotor Characteristics
Diameter: 11.93 m 39.14 ft
Direction of Rotation: Unknown
Hub Type:
Main Rotor Blade Characteristics
Blade Construction:
Blade Chord:  
Blade Tip Geometry:
Blade Twist:  
Number of Blades: 4
Main Rotor Derived Characteristics
Disc Area: 111.78 m² 1203.3 ft²
Disc Loading: 36.68 kg/m² 7.512 lb/ft²
Main Rotor Blade Derived Characteristics
Blade area per blade:  
Tip Speed:  

Primary Control Device

Data on primary control devices such as tail rotors

'Fan-in-fin' assembly for torque compensation/directional control.

Tail Rotor Characteristics
Configuration: Unknown
Direction of Rotation: Unknown
Tail Rotor Blade Characteristics
Number of Blades: 13
Blade Construction:  
Blade Chord:  
Blade Twist:  
Tail Rotor Derived Characteristics
Disc Area:  
Tail Rotor Blade Derived Characteristics
Tip Speed:  
Blade Area (per blade):  

Related VFS Resources

Resources related to the Z-9W (WZ9), provided by the Vertical Flight Society.
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Related Public Resources

Resources related to the Z-9W (WZ9), provided by public sources across the internet.