Licensed to produce Aéropatiale's SA 365N Dauphin II helicopter on 2 July 1980, the Chinese government approved the license in October and tasked the Harbin Aircraft Manufacturing Company (HAMC) and SAEC at Zhuzhou with production of the airframe and engine, respectively.  The twin-engined helicopter has retractable tricycle landing gear and a flight crew of one; the maximum passenger capacity is nine.  Maximum internal and external payloads are 2,038 kg and 1,600 kg, respectively.

In China the helicopter was redesignated Z-9 Haitun and the engine (Turboméca Arriel IC1) as the WZ8A.  The Harbine Engine Factory (HEF) manufactured the drive train; rotor blades were subcontracted to Baoding Propeller Factory.  The first 28 helicopters were assembled with French manufactured CKD kits. 


Data on design, manufacture and status

Design authority: Aérospatiale, Helicopter Division

Primary manufacturer: Harbin Aircraft Manufacturing Corporation

Parent type: Aérospatiale Z-9

Aircraft status: Status unknown


Primary flight and mechanical characteristics

VTOL type: Helicopter

Lift configuration: Single main rotor

Dedicated control device: Fenestron/Shrouded tail rotor

Crew required: 1

Crew seating: Side-by-side

Landing gear: Wheels (all retractable)

Layout and Dimensions

Data on aircraft size

Overall Dimensions
Overall Height: 4.01 m 13.2 ft
Overall Length: 13.46 m 44.2 ft
Overall Width: 11.93 m 39.1 ft
Airframe Dimensions
Airframe Length: 11.44 m 37.5 ft
Airframe Width:  
Airframe Height:  
Landing Gear Dimensions
Landing Gear Base:  
Landing Gear Track:  
Cabin Dimensions
Cabin Internal Height:  
Cabin Internal Length:  
Cabin Internal Width:  

Weights and Performance

Data on aircraft weight and flight characteristics

Max Cruising Speed: 285 km/h; Max Speed: 305 km/h; Range, with Auxiliary Tank: 1,000 km

Max Gross Weight (ground): 3,850 kg 8,488 lb
Max Gross Weight (airborne):  
Max Take-off Weight: 3,850 kg 8,488 lb
Empty Weight: 1,975 kg 4,354 lb
Useful Load: 1,875 kg 4,134 lb
Empty Weight Fraction: 0.513
Climb Performance
Max Rate of Climb: 8 m/s 1,496 fpm
Hover Performance
Hover Ceiling IGE: 2,600 m 8,530 ft
Hover Ceiling OGE: 1,600 m 5,249 ft
Max Level Flight Speed:  
Never Exceed Speed:  
Service Ceiling: 4,500 m 14,764 ft
Range and Endurance
Max Range: 860 km 464 nm
Max Endurance: 5 hrs 5 hrs

Engine Details

Aircraft powerplant (lift and/or propulsion)

Provided powerplant data is for uninstalled, sea level, static operations.

Number of engines: 2
Designation: SAEC WZ8A turbine
Manufacturer: South Aero-engine Co.
Normal Ratings
Max continuous:  
Take-off / rated:  
OEI Ratings
OEI contingency:  
OEI continuous:  
OEI 30-second:  
OEI intermediate:  

Primary Lift Device

Data on primary lift devices such as main rotors

Main Rotor Characteristics
Diameter: 11.93 m 39.14 ft
Direction of Rotation: Unknown
Hub Type:
Main Rotor Blade Characteristics
Blade Construction:
Blade Chord:  
Blade Tip Geometry:
Blade Twist:  
Number of Blades: 4
Main Rotor Derived Characteristics
Disc Area: 111.78 m² 1203.3 ft²
Disc Loading: 34.44 kg/m² 7.054 lb/ft²
Main Rotor Blade Derived Characteristics
Blade area per blade:  
Tip Speed:  

Primary Control Device

Data on primary control devices such as tail rotors

'Fan-in-fin' assembly for torque compensation/directional control.

Tail Rotor Characteristics
Configuration: Unknown
Direction of Rotation: Unknown
Tail Rotor Blade Characteristics
Number of Blades: 13
Blade Construction:  
Blade Chord:  
Blade Twist:  
Tail Rotor Derived Characteristics
Disc Area:  
Tail Rotor Blade Derived Characteristics
Tip Speed:  
Blade Area (per blade):  

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Resources related to the Z-9 Haitun, provided by public sources across the internet.