In 1983, the Bell Boeing tiltrotor team was selected to develop their tiltrotor concept into the V-22. It is powered by two Rolls-Royce T406-AD-400 engines which drive 38 ft (11.6 m) three-blade rotors on a 45 ft (13.7 m) wingspan. The aircraft maximum Short Take-Off gross weight is 60,500 lb (27.4 metric tons) and it can fly at more than 250 knots (460 km/h), carrying up to 24 troops or an internal payload of 20,000 lb (9.1 metric tons).

The Bell Boeing V-22 Osprey is the first tiltrotor to enter production and be used operationally. The aircraft can trace its lineage to prior two Bell demonstrator’s products, the XV-3 and XV-15. The aircraft flew for the first time on March 19, 1989. Since then, it has evolved into a reliable and essential component of US military — the Osprey had a long and challenging development history, but over time this capable machine has lived up to its original expectations.

Today, the V-22 is being used by the U.S. Air Force, the U.S. Navy, and the U.S. Marine Corps, with Japan also having ordered the Osprey. The V-22 Osprey has been continuously deployed since entering service in 2007 and, in November 2018, the fleet surpassed the 400,000-flight hour milestone.


Data on design, manufacture and status

Design authority: Bell-Boeing Joint Project Office

Primary manufacturer: Bell-Boeing Joint Project Office

Parent type: Bell Boeing V-22 Osprey

Aircraft status: Operational


Primary flight and mechanical characteristics

VTOL type: Convertiplane

Compound type: N/A

Lift configuration: Tilt rotor/prop/duct (x2)

Crew required: 2

Crew seating: Side-by-side

Landing gear: Wheels (all retractable)

Layout and Dimensions

Data on aircraft size

Overall Dimensions
Overall Height:  
Overall Length:  
Overall Width:  
Airframe Dimensions
Airframe Length:  
Airframe Width:  
Airframe Height:  
Landing Gear Dimensions
Landing Gear Base:  
Landing Gear Track:  
Cabin Dimensions
Cabin Internal Height:  
Cabin Internal Length:  
Cabin Internal Width:  

Weights and Performance

Data on aircraft weight and flight characteristics

Max Gross Weight (ground):  
Max Gross Weight (airborne):  
Max Take-off Weight:  
Empty Weight:  
Useful Load:  
Empty Weight Fraction:  
Climb Performance
Max Rate of Climb:  
Hover Performance
Hover Ceiling IGE:  
Hover Ceiling OGE:  
Max Level Flight Speed:  
Never Exceed Speed:  
Service Ceiling:  
Range and Endurance
Max Range:  
Max Endurance:  

Engine Details

Aircraft powerplant (lift and/or propulsion)

Provided powerplant data is for uninstalled, sea level, static operations.

Number of engines: 2
Normal Ratings
Max continuous:  
Take-off / rated:  
OEI Ratings
OEI contingency:  
OEI continuous:  
OEI 30-second:  
OEI intermediate:  

Primary Lift Device

Data on primary lift devices such as main rotors

Main Rotor Characteristics
Direction of Rotation: Unknown
Hub Type:  
Main Rotor Blade Characteristics
Blade Construction:  
Blade Chord:  
Blade Tip Geometry:  
Blade Twist:  
Number of Blades:  
Main Rotor Derived Characteristics
Disc Area:  
Disc Loading:  
Main Rotor Blade Derived Characteristics
Blade area per blade:  
Tip Speed:  

Primary Control Device

Data on primary control devices such as tail rotors

Tail Rotor Characteristics
Configuration: Unknown
Direction of Rotation: Unknown
Tail Rotor Blade Characteristics
Number of Blades:  
Blade Construction: N/A
Blade Chord:  
Blade Twist:  
Tail Rotor Derived Characteristics
Disc Area:  
Tail Rotor Blade Derived Characteristics
Tip Speed:  
Blade Area (per blade):  

Related VFS Resources

Resources related to the V-22A Osprey, provided by the Vertical Flight Society.
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Related Public Resources

Resources related to the V-22A Osprey, provided by public sources across the internet.