The Vertol 76 received the Army designation VZ-2 in early 1956. The 26.5 ft fuselage was built of metal tube construction, and had a helicopter-like two seat cockpit. A single 860 bhp Lycoming YT53-L-1 was mounted on the fuselage, and drove the two 9.5 ft three-bladed propellers by a cross-shaft through the 25 ft span wings. In hover, pitch and yaw were controlled by two ducted propellers in the tail; in transition, aerodynamic controls were phased in until the tail propellers were no longer needed in horizontal flight.
Ground testing began in April 1957. The first vertical flight was made on 13 August 1957, first horizontal flight on 7 January 1958, and first complete transition on 15 July 1958. It continued to fly until 1965, making over 450 flights, including 34 full conversions.
Source: AHS V/STOL Wheel
VTOL type: Convertiplane
Compound type: N/A
Lift configuration: Tilt wing (x2)
Dedicated control device: Fenestron/Shrouded tail rotor (x2)
Crew required: 1-2
Crew seating: Side-by-side
Landing gear: Wheels (non-retractable)
Total number of engines: 1