The VAK 191B was originally designed to be a low altitude nuclear strike fighter for NATO. The project was funded by both Germany and Italy (on a 60/40 basis) with VFW and Fiat Aviazione the primary airframe companies and Rolls-Royce/MTU responsible for the engines.
The aircraft used two Rolls-Royce/MTU RB.162-81 lift engines (6,000 lb thrust each), one mounted directly behind the cockpit and one aft of the wing, plus a MTU/Rolls-Royce RB.193-12 vectored thrust turbofan engine (10,163 lb thrust) mounted between them. The RB.193 was a scaled down version of the Roll Royce Pegasus engine used on the Kestrel/Harrier.
The program was canceled due to a change in NATO strategy.
Source: "VFW VAK 191B", AHS V/STOL Wheel
Source: "Italian V/STOL Concepts of the Twentieth Century", Michael J. Hirschberg; Thomas Müller and Erasmo Piñero, Presented at the American Helicopter Society 59th Annual Forum, Phoenix, Arizona, May 6-8, 2003
VTOL type: Jet lift VTOL
Compound type: N/A
Lift configuration: Combined lift devices (x3)
Dedicated control device: Thruster (x4)
Crew required: 1
Crew seating: Single seater
Landing gear: Wheels (all retractable)
Total number of engines: 3